Thursday, October 09, 2014

Three Mortar Joint Options for the Perfect Thin Stone Veneer Installation

When it comes to installing thin veneer, one of the aspects that can make the biggest effect aesthetically is the last step in the process, jointing. There are many different ways to fit natural thin stones together, each providing a different look and feel. Below are a few of the different techniques used by various masons.

#1 | Dry-Laid or Recessed Mortar Joints

Mortar is recessed approximately 1/2 inch from the face of stone. Mortar can be raked out or installed without pointing. The dry-laid appearance can have nice "shadow lines."

One way to install natural stone is to dry fit the pieces together and show no grout between the pieces. This installation technique will require the most trimming and material waste (typically between 25%-50%).  Some shapes and colors may have a higher waste factor than others. This look is popular on interior applications and especially with the Ledgestone and Ashlar shaped products.

Boston Blend Ledgestone Dry-Laid Installation

Colonial Tan Ledgestone Dry-Laid Installation

#2 | Standard grout joints - Concave

Typical interior joint thickness: 1/4" - 3/8" | Typical exterior joint size: 3/4" - 1 1/2"

1/4 inch joint allows some leeway for a little less trimming, while maintaining a tight fit stone look. Typically the mortar is recessed approximately 1/4 inch from the stone face or it can be flush to face. It adds just enough to make it a little easier to accept irregularities in pieces of natural stone. It can also be a nice mix where it is not too modern, but not too rustic. This installation is most commonly used when installing the Mosaic and Square & Rectangular shapes. The amount of trimming/shaping required is moderate with a waste factor of around 15%-30%.

Boston Blend Sq & Rec Standard Joint Installation

Boston Blend Mosaic Standard Joint Installation

#3 | Face Over Grout / Wide Joints

Face over grout is when the mortar/grout goes over some of the stone. This can be decorative or brushed over. A wide joint is when the stones are spaced over 1" apart and the mortar is predominant in the installation. Typically seen in historic stone installations. Round and Mosaic are the most popular shapes for this installation. This installation technique requires the least amount of trimming and yields the lowest waste factor (5%-20%)

Boston Blend Mosaic with Wide Joint Installation

Tips and Suggestions

Joints should be as consistent or uniform as possible. The project may have different colored pointing mortar which can also affect the look. The pointing mortar you can choose from a variety of colors from light gray to black will need to be decided based on the stone.  A mock-up is important before starting a project to finalize all of these details. A mason will make a panel (3'x4' in size) installing the material based on the specifications you requested. You can then make changes and decide if this is what you would want your installation to look like or if you would like to make any changes. Once approved, the mason will use it as a guide while installing. When they have questions they can fall back on that for a guide.
  • Joints should be as consistent and uniform as possible
  • Colored mortar is available
  • Mock-ups are always recommended
  • Larger projects (2,500 SF+) may have lower waste factors. Smaller jobs (under 2,500 SF) may have much higher waste factors than listed above.


For more info including how to calculate your waste factor, please visit
http://www.stoneyard.com/information/articles/mortar-joints/